20. Deshmukh, A., Yip, N.Y., Lin, S., and Elimelech, M., “Desalination by Forward Osmosis: Identifying Performance Limiting Parameters through Module Scale Modeling”, Journal of Membrane Science, October 2015, Volume 491, 159–167. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2015.03.080 | PDF | Supplementary Material

19. Yip, N.Y. and Elimelech, M., “Comparison of Energy Efficiency and Power Density in Pressure Retarded Osmosis and Reverse Electrodialysis”, Environmental Science & Technology, September 2014, Volume 48, 11002–11012. doi:10.1021/es5029316 | PDF | Supporting Information

18. Yip, N.Y. and Elimelech, M., “Thermodynamic, Energy Efficiency, and Power Density Analysis of Reverse Electrodialysis Power Generation with Natural Salinity Gradients”, Environmental Science & Technology, May 2014, Volume 48, 4925–4936. doi:10.1021/es5005413 | PDF | Supporting Information

17. Lin, S., Yip, N.Y., and Elimelech, M., “Hybrid Pressure Retarded Osmosis-Membrane Distillation System for Power Generation from Low-Grade Heat: Thermodynamic Analysis and Energy Efficiency”, Environmental Science & Technology, April 2014, Volume 48, 5306–5313. doi:10.1021/es405173b | PDF | Supporting Information

16. Lin, S., Yip, N.Y., Cath, T.Y., and Elimelech, M., “Direct Contact Membrane Distillation with Heat Recovery: Thermodynamic Insights from Module Scale Modeling”, Journal of Membrane Science, March 2014, Volume 453, 498–515. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2013.11.016 | PDF

15. Straub, A.P., Yip, N.Y., and Elimelech, M., “Raising the Bar: Increased Hydraulic Pressure Allows Unprecedented High Power Densities in Pressure-Retarded Osmosis”, Environmental Science & Technology Letters, November 2013, Volume 1, 55–59. doi:10.1021/ez400117d | PDF | Supporting Information

14. Yip, N.Y. and Elimelech, M., “Influence of Natural Organic Matter Fouling and Osmotic Backwash on Pressure Retarded Osmosis Energy Production from Natural Salinity Gradients”, Environmental Science & Technology, November 2013, Volume 47, 12607–12616. doi:10.1021/es403207m | PDF | Supporting Information

13. Vermaas, D.A., Veerman, J., Yip, N.Y., Elimelech, M., Saakes, M., and Nijmeijer, K., “High Efficiency in Energy Generation from Salinity Gradients with Reverse Electrodialysis”, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, October 2013, Volume 1, 1295–1302. doi:10.1021/sc400150w | PDF

12. Tiraferri, A., Yip, N.Y., Straub, A.P., Romero-Vargas Castrillon, S., and Elimelech M., "A Method for the Simultaneous Determination of Transport and Structural Parameters of Forward Osmosis Membranes",Journal of Membrane Science, October 2013, Volume 444, 523–538. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2013.05.023 |PDF | Supplementary Material: Excel File  Matlab Files (zipped)

11. Shaffer, D.L., Arias Chavez, L.H., Ben-Sasson, M., Romero-Vargas Castrillón, S., Yip, N.Y., and Elimelech, M., “Desalination and Reuse of High-Salinity Shale Gas Produced Water: Drivers, Technologies, and Future Directions”, Environmental Science & Technology, September 2013, Volume 47, 9569–9583.doi:10.1021/es401966e | PDF

10. Cath, T.Y., Elimelech, M., McCutcheon, J.R., McGinnis, R.L., Achilli, A., Anastasio, D., Brady, A.R., Childress, A.E., Farr, I.V., Hancock, N.T., Lampi, J., Nghiem, L.D., Xie, M., and Yip, N.Y., "Standard Methodology for Evaluating Membrane Performance in Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes",Desalination, March 2013, Volume 312, 31–38. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2012.07.005 | PDF

9. Mo, Y., Tiraferri, A., Yip, N.Y., Adout, A., Huang, X., and Elimelech, M., "Improved Antifouling Properties of Polyamide Nanofiltration Membranes by Reducing the Density of Surface Carboxyl Groups", Environmental Science & Technology, December 2012, Volume 46, 13253–13261. doi:10.1021/es303673p | PDF |Supporting Information

8. Shaffer, D.L., Yip, N.Y., Gilron J., and Elimelech, M., "Seawater Desalination for Agriculture by Integrated Forward and Reverse Osmosis: Improved Product Water Quality for Potentially Less Energy", Journal of Membrane Science, October 2012, Volume 415–416, 1–8. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2012.05.016 | PDF

7. Yip, N.Y., and Elimelech, M., "Thermodynamic and Energy Efficiency Analysis of Power Generation from Natural Salinity Gradients by Pressure Retarded Osmosis", Environmental Science & Technology, May 2012, Volume 46, 5230–5239. doi:10.1021/es300060m | PDF | Supporting Information

6. Yip, N.Y. and Elimelech, M., "Performance Limiting Effects in Power Generation from Salinity Gradients by Pressure Retarded Osmosis", Environmental Science & Technology, December 2011, Volume 45, 10273-10282. doi:10.1021/es203197e | PDF | Supporting Information

5. Hoover, L.A., Phillip, W.A., Tiraferri, A., Yip, N.Y., and Elimelech, M., "Forward with Osmosis: Emerging Applications for Greater Sustainability", Environmental Science & Technology, December 2011, Volume 45, 9824-9830. doi:10.1021/es202576h | PDF

4. Ang, W.S., Yip, N.Y., Tiraferri, A., and Elimelech, M., "Chemical Cleaning of RO Membranes Fouled by Wastewater Effluent: Achieving Higher Efficiency with Dual-step Cleaning", Journal of Membrane Science, October 2011, Volume 382, 100-106. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2011.07.047 | PDF

3. Yip, N.Y., Tiraferri, A., Phillip, W.A., Schiffman, J.D., Laura, A.H., Kim, Y.C., and Elimelech, M., " Thin-Film Composite Pressure Retarded Osmosis Membranes for Sustainable Power Generation from Salinity Gradients", Environmental Science & Technology, May 2011, Volume 45, 4360–4369.doi:10.1021/es104325z | PDF | Supporting Information

2. Tiraferri, A., Yip, N.Y., Phillip, W.A., Schiffman, J.D., and Elimelech, M., "Relating Performance of Thin-Film Composite Forward Osmosis Membranes to Support Layer Formation and Structure", Journal of Membrane Science, February 2011, Volume 367, 340-352. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2010.11.014 | PDF

1. Yip, N.Y., Tiraferri, A., Phillip, W.A., Schiffman, J.D., and Elimelech, M., "High Performance Thin-Film Composite Forward Osmosis Membrane", Environmental Science & Technology, May 2010, Volume 44, 3812–3818. DOI: 10.1021/es1002555 | PDF | Supporting Information

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